Burkhalter et al.’s (2002) self-reinforcing model of democratic deliberation is well established, but lacks an account of legitimacy, which is a key element of most democratic-deliberative theories. We extend Burkhalter et al.’s model by proposing a new model called “symbolic-cognitive proceduralism,” which explains how democratic-deliberative processes generate legitimacy, and how such legitimacy contributes to the social reproduction of deliberation. Our proposed model accounts for perceived and normative legitimacy, at interpersonal and macro-social levels of analysis, over short and long time-spans, and accords with substantial empirical evidence.
legitimacy, political knowledge, political communication, epistemic theory, democratic deliberation, communication ethics, cognition
How to Cite
Richards Jr R. & Gastil J., (2015) “Symbolic-Cognitive Proceduralism: A Model of Deliberative Legitimacy”, Journal of Public Deliberation 11(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.16997/jdd.233