Stakeholder and Citizen Roles in Public Deliberation

Abstract

This paper explores theoretical and practical distinctions between individual citizens (‘citizens’) and organized groups (‘stakeholder representatives’ or ‘stakeholders’ for short) in public participation processes convened by government as part of policy development. Distinctions between ‘citizen’ and ‘stakeholder’ involvement are commonplace in government discourse and practice; public involvement practitioners also sometimes rely on this distinction in designing processes and recruiting for them. Recognizing the complexity of the distinction, we examine both normative and practical reasons why practitioners may lean toward—or away from—recruiting citizens, stakeholders, or both to take part in deliberations, and how citizen and stakeholder roles can be separated or combined within a process. The article draws on a 2012 Canadian-Australian workshop of deliberation researchers and practitioners to identify key challenges and understandings associated with the categories of stakeholder and citizen and their application, and hopes to continue this conversation with the researcher-practitioner community.

Keywords

public process design, government convened public processes, stakeholder engagement, citizen engagement, public deliberation

How to Cite

Kahane D. & Loptson K. & Herriman J. & Hardy M., (2013) “Stakeholder and Citizen Roles in Public Deliberation”, Journal of Public Deliberation 9(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.16997/jdd.164

360

Views

125

Downloads

Share

Authors

David Kahane (Department of Political Science, University of Alberta)
Kristjana Loptson (Department of Political Science, University of Alberta)

Jade Herriman (Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney)

Max Hardy (Twyfords Consulting)

Download

Issue

Dates

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0

Identifiers

Peer Review

This article has been peer reviewed.

File Checksums (MD5)

  • PDF: 3152a33b195cc092680028ca7903c5c1